African Americans celebrate Juneteenth

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With live performances, local vendors, food and dancing, members of the community gathered at Julia Davis Park in downtown Boise on Saturday for the fourth annual “Family Celebration” Juneteenth event.

For the weekend celebrations, Juneteenth Idaho and Black Liberation Collective partnered with local organizations and Black-owned businesses such as The Honey Pot CBD, 2C Yoga, Honey’s Holistics, Cut-N-Up, Eminus African Sambusas, among many others Is.

Last year, the state and federal government signed into law a law that designates June 19 as an official holiday. Although it has been declared a public holiday since last year, Juneth has historically been celebrated by black communities across the country to honor the emancipation of enslaved African Americans during the end of the Civil War.

“On June 19, 1865—two years after President (Abraham) Lincoln freed all slaves—Major General Gordon Granger and Union Army forces issued a Proclamation of Emancipation to Galveston, Texas, and freed black Americans who were the last were slaves.
The Boise community wasn’t the only city in Idaho celebrating Juneteenth this weekend. There were statewide holiday celebrations with events in Twin Falls and Lapvai. Students at Brigham Young University-Idaho in Rexburg celebrate the date Monday.

“Juneth is a very dark and happy place for expatriates. There are people in Idaho who look like you and share a common heritage, even though we don’t see each other very often, said Prisca Hermann, a Boise resident in Congo, who volunteered and performed. in the Boise program.

Throughout the celebration, the organizers are actively reminding attendees to stay hydrated, well nourished and aware of COVID-19 thoughts.
Myth #2: Major General Gordon Granger wrote the general orders for Juneteenth Order No. 3 and is credited with freeing the slaves of Texas.

Fact: The decree, which contains the predominant language of “all slaves are free” and “absolute equality,” was actually written by Granger’s staff officer, Major Frederick Emery, who came from an abolitionist family in Free Kansas. “As a fighter against slavery in Kansas, Emery was well versed in the topic of emancipation,” Cotham wrote in his Juneteenth book.

Sam Collins III, unofficial ambassador for Juneteenth Tourism in Galveston, says, “Granger was one of the characters in the story. He was no great hero.

Myth #3: General Gordon Granger read the Juneteenth Order from a balcony to Galveston’s men, declaring that “all slaves are free.”

Fact: According to Cotham, General Granger never publicly or any member of his staff read the order. It was posted around town, especially in places where black people used to congregate, such as the “Negro Church on Broadway”, then known as the Reedy Chapel-Ame Church. Most slaves in Texas have general order numbers. Knowing about 3, the slaves called them together and read the news.

Myth #4: The Juneteenth Order is basically the Texas version of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Facts: General Order No. 3 explicitly stated that “all slaves are free,” but it contains helpful language intended to appease the plantation owners who did not want to lose their jobs. The forty-one words of a brief 93-word order encouraging slaves to keep and work.

“Those who are discharged are advised to stay in their present homes and work for wages.

Sam Collins: “The last two sentences advise the brothers to stay in their current homes and work for hire. So you are free, but don’t go anywhere.”

Ed Cotham: “Many years later, former slaves (interviewed in 1930 WPA Slave Narratives) remembered when they read the Freedom Letter. Slaves wanted to work for them, but they didn’t hear it that way. Made it memorable. And made it a success.”

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